Block in Volleyball: Explained (Quick)

Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in the world, and a key part of playing it well is mastering the block. Here’s what is a block in volleyball…

What is a Block in Volleyball?

A block in volleyball is an attempt to stop the opposing team from attacking. It is essentially a wall of defensive players jumping up at the net, trying to stop the ball from crossing into their own court.

The main purpose of blocking is to disrupt the timing and rhythm of the opposing team’s attack, as well as to prevent them from getting an easy point. This can be achieved through a variety of techniques, such as blocking from the net or jumping up to meet the ball in mid-air.

Here’s what you need to keep in mind while blocking;

In volleyball, there are a number of rules and regulations in place to ensure the safe execution of blocks.

  • Only front-row players are allowed to block.
  • A block can be performed by one player or a combination of players.
  • The goal of a block is to prevent the ball from crossing the net.
  • A block is considered successful if the ball is touched by a blocker and does not cross the net.
  • A block assist is awarded to any player who touches the ball during a successful block.

What are the types of blocks in volleyball?

Two volleyball player blocking

To become a great blocker in volleyball, it is important to know your different types of blocks. The following are the four main types of blocks in volleyball;

  • Individual block
  • Collective block
  • Soft block
  • Hard block

1. Individual block:

An individual block is when one player jumps up to the ball from their side of the court, attempting to stop it from crossing over into the opposing team’s court. This type of block requires good reflexes and timing, as the blocker must be able to time their jump perfectly so as not to interfere with any other players.

2. Collective block:

A collective block is when multiple players co-ordinate their jumps together in order to create a wall or barrier at the net that is difficult for the attacker to pass. This requires good communication and timing between all players involved in order to be effective.

3. Soft block:

A soft block is a more passive type of block that does not involve jumping, but rather using your body positioning and arms to create an obstacle for the attacker. This can be used as a way to disrupt the flow of an opposing team’s attack and give your own team time to get back into position.

4. Hard block:

A hard block is when multiple players jump up at the same time in order to create a wall that is almost impossible for the attacker to pass through. This type of block requires perfect timing, as well as good communication and coordination between all players involved.

Now that you know what a block is and the different types of blocks, it’s time to learn how to do them effectively.

Related Article: Volleyball Positions: The Beginner Guide

How to become an elite blocker in volleyball?

Professional volleyball player

Volleyball blocking is an art form, and in order to be effective, you need to be able to time your jumps perfectly, communicate well with your team and stay light on your feet. The key to becoming an elite blocker in volleyball is practice, practice, and more practice.

Here are some tips that will help you become a great blocker;

Read the Hitter:

In order to anticipate the hitter’s move, it’s important to read their body language and arm movements before they hit the ball. Pay attention to the way they set their body and the angle of their arm; these small details can give you an indication of where the ball will go.

Jump Early:

The key to a successful block is timing. If your jump is off by even a fraction of a second, it can make all the difference between blocking or not. This means that you should try to jump just before the ball is hit, in order to time it perfectly.

Arm position:

The way you position your arms while blocking can drastically affect how successful you are. Your arms should form an ‘X’ shape, with one hand above the net and the other below it. This will allow you to cover more area and make it harder for the attacker to get through your block.

How to improve your blocking technique?

No matter how experienced you are, there is always room for improvement when it comes to blocking. Improving your blocking technique is all about repetition and practice.

Here are some drills you can do to help you become a better blocker;

Shadow Blocking: Shadow blocking involves mimicking the motions of a block without actually jumping up or touching the ball. This drill is great for improving your timing and getting familiar with the motion of a block.

Wall Drills: This drill involves having a partner throw the ball at you from different angles, and then attempting to block it with your arms in an ‘X’ shape. This helps you practice your arm positioning and stay light on your feet while blocking.

Jump Drills: For this drill, have a partner toss the ball over the net, and then try to time your jump so you can block it on its way down. This helps you master the timing of a block and improve your reflexes.

Partner Blocking: In this drill, two players partner up and take turns attacking the other. This helps you practice your communication and coordination with a teammate, as well as get used to blocking in a game-like situation.

By practicing these drills regularly, you will become an elite blocker in no time!


Blocking is an essential skill in volleyball, and mastering the technique can greatly improve your game. Now that you know what a block is, the different types of blocks, and how to become an elite blocker – it’s time to start practicing! With enough practice and dedication, you will be able to take your blocking skills to the next level.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a block attempt?

A block attempt is a move that a player makes in an attempt to stop the ball from crossing over into their side of the court. The player must remain behind the attack line when attempting a block, and cannot reach over the net.

Is Block considered a touch?

In Indoor volleyball, a block is not considered a touch unless the ball bounces off of an arm of a blocker into the other arm and still falls on the side of the net. In beach volleyball, it counts as a touch and the team only has 2 more hits afterwards, no matter how many people are on the team.

Can 4 people block in volleyball?

No, only two or three players can block in volleyball at the same time. However, if two or three players happen to jump and block the ball at the same time, it is considered a collective block, and any player who touches the ball during the block will receive a block assist.

How many blocks are there in volleyball?

There are four types of blocks: individual, collective, soft and hard block. Each type requires different timing, coordination and skill in order to be effective. However, individual and collective blocks are the most common.